Vaccinations, Immunizations and Diabetes

Other Vaccines

You may need vaccines to protect you against other illnesses. Ask your health care provider if you need any of these:

Human Papilloma Virus. The HPV virus puts women at greater risk for cervical cancer and men at greater risk for oral cancers. You need this vaccine if you are a woman age 26 or younger or a man age 21 or younger. Men age 22 through 26 with a risk condition also need vaccination. Any other men age 22 through 26 who want protection from HPV may receive it, too. The vaccine is given in 3 doses over 6 months

Measles/Mumps/Rubella vaccine. You need a vaccine if you were born later than 1957. You also may need a booster.

Hepatitis A vaccine. You need this vaccine if you have a specific risk factor for hepatitis A virus infection or simply want to be protected from this disease. The vaccine is usually given in 2 doses, 6 months apart.

Varicella (chicken pox) vaccine. If you are an adult born in the U.S. in 1980 or later, and have never had chickenpox or the vaccine, you should be vaccinated with this 2-dose series.

Zoster (shingles vaccine). After you get chickenpox, the virus remains inactive in certain nerves in the body. Shingles occurs after the virus becomes active again in these nerves years later.

Shingles may develop in any age group, but you are more likely to develop the condition if:

  • You are older than 60
  • You had chickenpox before age 1
  • Your immune system is weakened by medications or disease such as diabetes.

A herpes zoster vaccine is available. It is different than the chickenpox vaccine. Older adults who receive the herpes zoster vaccine are less likely to have complications from shingles.

The United States Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended that adults older than 60 receive the herpes zoster vaccine as part of routine medical care.

  • Polio vaccine.
  • Vaccines required for travel to other countries.

How to Get More Information

Call the immunization program in your state health department to find out where you can get vaccinations in your area. Keep your vaccination records up-to-date so you and your health care provider will know what vaccines you may need. You can record this information on the record sheets.

For more information on vaccination, call the CDC National Immunization Hotline at 1-800-CDC-INFO (English and Spanish). This is a toll-free call.


National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation


Immunization Action Coalition

US National Library of Medicine

United States Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

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