Blood Pressure and Diabetes

Who Is at Risk for High Blood Pressure?

Age. Blood pressure tends to rise with age. Men over 45 and women over 55 are at increased risk for HBP. Over half of all Americans over age 60 have HBP.

Race/Ethnicity. HBP can affect anyone, but it is more common in African American adults than among Caucasians. HBP risks vary among different groups of Hispanic American adults (e.g. Caribbean Hispanics vs. Central or South American Hispanics).

Gender. Fewer women have HBP than men and younger women (aged 18–59) are more likely than men to be aware of and get treatment for HBP.

Lifestyle Habits. Many unhealthy lifestyle habits can raise your risk for HBP, including:

You’re more likely to develop HBP if you’re overweight or obese.

  • Eating too much sodium (salt)
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Not getting enough potassium in your diet
  • Not getting enough physical activity
  • Smoking

Heredity. A family history of HBP raises your risk for the condition.

Stress.  Long-lasting stress also can put you at risk for HBP.

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