Sending Your Diabetic Child to School

Individualized Education Program

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a document that outlines the specific actions a school is going to take to meet the child’s individual educational needs.

There are very specific rules about developing an IEP and what it must contain. The IEP must be developed with input from the child’s IEP which includes:

  • The child’s parents or guardians
  • At least one regular education teacher
  • At least one of the child’s special education teachers or providers
  • A representative of the school district who is qualified, knowledgeable, and authorized to commit district resources to the child
  • School dietitian
  • A qualified professional who can interpret the evaluation of the child
  • Others at the discretion of the parent or the school district, and, where appropriate, the child themselves

An IEP must contain the following specific documents:

  • A statement of the child’s current level of performance, including how the child’s disability affects progress in the general curriculum.
  • A statement of measurable annual goals, including benchmarks or short-term objectives.
  • A statement of the special education and supplementary aids and services to be provided.
  • A statement of program modifications or supports for school personnel that will be provided.
  • A statement of any modifications needed for the child to participate in district-wide tests or other assessments.
  • A statement of how the child’s progress toward the annual goals will be measured and how the parents will be informed of progress toward goals.
  • Medical orders from the child’s healthcare team, as described under Section 504, are also needed for a child with an IEP.

Other Information that may be included in an IEP:

  • The need to have information repeated if a child has had an insulin reaction or extremely high blood sugar, and was not able to concentrate and need additional assistance.
  • The child with diabetes may need to be allowed to take make-up tests if that student has had an insulin reaction or severe hyperglycemia during an exam.
  • Flexibility in attendance requirements in case of health-related absences including physician visits (e.g., allowing students to be on honor roll and qualify for awards, etc).
  • Permission to leave class to use restroom as needed.
  • Provision of adequate time for taking medication, checking blood sugars, and completing meals and snacks.
  • Access to increased fluid intake as needed.

Specifically, with regard to diabetes, the IEP will contain the same types of related aids and services discussed under Section 504 Plans.

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