Diagnosing pet diabetes is simple but only your veterinarian can diagnose diabetes and provide appropriate preventive and management programs for your pet.
Your veterinarian may begin by performing a general health examination and asking questions about any signs your pet may be displaying such as increased thirst or urination.
A sample of your pet’s urine will also be tested for the presence of glucose (a type of sugar) or ketones (acids produced by the body as it breaks down fat instead of glucose for energy). If glucose is present in your pet’s urine, your veterinarian will then test your pet’s blood to determine the blood glucose level. A diabetes diagnosis is considered definite when persistently high glucose levels are found in both the blood and urine.
Pet diabetes is a relatively easy disease to diagnose. Fasting blood sugar in dogs and cats should be between 75 and 120mg/deciliter. When the non-fasting level is over 200mg/deciliter and other blood parameters are normal, diabetes may be the cause.