According to “Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General,” the relationship between type 1 and type 2 diabetes and periodontal disease is often referred to as the “sixth complication” of the disease.
Diabetics are more prone to several oral health conditions, including tooth decay, periodontal (gum) disease, dry mouth, infection and tooth loss, a fact Defeat Diabetes Foundation has been pointing out for many years.
There are a number of reasons people with diabetes are at greater risk for complications with their oral health. Though, if your diabetes is under control, the effects on your oral health can be minimized. On the other hand, if your diabetes is out of control, the impact on your oral health can be significant.
People with diabetes can have:
- Dry mouth (xerostomia)
- Gum inflammation (gingivitis)
- Rapidly progressingperiodontal (gum) disease
- Poor healing of oral tissues
- Oral candidiasis (thrush)
- Burning mouth and/or tongue