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Death and Major Complications
• The seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes causes over 233,000 deaths every year (last updated in 2007). Note:Diabetes is likely to be underreported as a cause of death. Overall, the risk for death among people with diabetes is about twice that ofpeople without diabetes of similar age.
• Worldwide: 3.2 million deaths every year and six deaths attributable to diabetes or related conditions every minute.
• Heart Disease is the leading cause of diabetes-related deaths.
• Diabetics are 2 to 4 times more likely to die of heart Disease; and 6 times more likely to suffer a Stroke. 68% of diabetic deaths are due to Heart Disease or Stroke.
• Diabetics have 3 to 4 times the risk of developing liver cancer and more than twice the risk of developing pancreatic cancer.
• 4.2 million aged 40 years or older had diabetic retinopathy, and 655,000 had advanced diabetic retinopathy that could lead to severe vision loss.
• The leading cause of end-stage kidney disease, accounting for 44% of new cases. In 2008, a total of 202,290 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant.
• About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage; greater risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Severe forms of diabetic nerve disease are a major contributing cause of lower-extremity amputations. are a major contributing cause of lower-extremity amputations.
• Leading cause (60%) of most non-traumatic lower-limb amputations (65,700).
• Three times more likely to die of complications from flu or pneumonia; up to 30,000 people a year.
More Complications and Statistics of Diabetes
• 33% have severe periodontal (gum) disease.
• Twice the risk of developing hearing loss.
• 67% have or are being treated for high blood pressure.
• Poorly controlled diabetes can cause major birth defects during pregnancy; and miscarriages in 15 - 20% of diabetics' pregnancies; and greater risk to mother and child during pregnancy.
• Diabetics are 65% more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease.
• Uncontrolled diabetes often leads to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute life-threatening events, such as coma.
• People with diabetes aged 60 years or older are 2–3 times more likely to report an inability to walk one-quarter of a mile, climb stairs, or do housework compared with people without diabetes in the same age group.
• People with diabetes are twice as likely to have depression, which can complicate diabetes management, than people without diabetes. In addition, depression is associated with a 60% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
• The risk of diagnosed diabetes was 18% higher among Asian Americans, 66% higher among Hispanics, and 77% higher among non-Hispanic blacks.
• 15% of U.S. entire annual Health Care cost or $174 Billion Dollars. After adjusting for population age and sex differences, average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes.
The good news is that many of these complications can be avoided with proper fitness, nutrition and medical monitoring.
Many of the Warning Signs of diabetes come on gradually and are not particularly noticed right away. This can prolong the length of time for the disease to develop and possibly lead to unnecessary complications.
This is why we at the Defeat Diabetes Foundation put so much emphasis on early detection of the disease through extensive public awareness programs of the Warning Signs of diabetes and the taking of our Defeat Diabetes® Screening Test.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet, http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/estimates11.htm
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